Darwin sought to not only produce a new scientific truth, but also to put an end to polygenism, the current scientific discourse on human origins that gave tacit and at times explicit support for slavery: ‘... when the principle of evolution is generally accepted, as it surely will be before long, the dispute between the monogenists and polygenists will die a silent and unobserved death.’ (Charles Darwin, Descent of Man, p. 235)

Tuesday, September 4, 2012

Digital Bibliography for the Works Cited in Darwin’s “An Historical Sketch of the Recent Progress of Opinion on the Origin of Species”

Digital Bibliography for the Works Cited in Darwin’s “An Historical Sketch of the Recent Progress of Opinion on the Origin of Species”
The citations are derived from the first published version of the Historical Sketch, which appeared in the 3rd edition of On the Origin of Species.   Darwin revised it until the 6 edition, which was his last.

Darwin, Charles. 1861. On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the preservation of favoured races in the struggle for life. London: John Murray. 3d ed. Text Image PDF F381
John van Wyhe, editor. 2002-. The Complete Work of Charles Darwin Online. (http://darwin-online.org.uk/)

This is a bibliography of texts cited in Darwin's Historical Sketch" with links to digital copies.  Note that some of the works are from Darwin's personal library and contain his annotations.  See the complete listing of Darwin's Library at the Biodiversity Heritage Library and Archive.org  Only a few citations are not available and most of those that are come from the following sources:

The Complete Works of Darwin Online
Internet Archive
BioDiversity Heritage Library
Bibliothèque nationale de France 
Google Books  

See also Darwin, C. R. 'Books Read' and 'Books to be Read' notebook. (1852-1860). CUL-DAR128.- Transcribed by Kees Rookmaaker (Darwin Online, http://darwin-online.org.uk/)

Bory de Saint-Vincent, M. 1825. Dictionnaire classique d'histoire naturelle, par Messieurs Audouin, Isid. Bourdon, Ad. Brongniart, de Candolle, et Bory de Saint-Vincent. Ouvrage dirigé par ce dernier collaborateur, et dans lequel on a jounté, pour le porter au niveau de la sci. Paris: Rey et Gravier.

Bory de Saint-Vincent, Jean Baptiste Geneviève Marcellin. 1827. L'homme (homo) essai zoologique sur le genre humain. Paris: Rey et Gravier.  

Bronn, Heinrich Georg. 1858. Untersuchungen über die Entwickelungs-Gesetze der organischen Welt während der Bildungs-Zeit unserer Erd-Oberfläche. E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagshandl.


Burdach, Karl Friedrich. 1837. Traité de physiologie considérée comme science d'observation, v. 2. Paris: J.B. Baillie

Chambers, Robert. 1847. Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation, 6th ed.
London, J. Churchill. 

Darwin, C. R. & A. R. Wallace. 1858. Proceedings of the meeting of the Linnean Society held on July 1st, 1858. Journal of the Proceedings of the Linnean Society. Zoology 3: liv-lvi.

Darwin, C. R. and A. R. Wallace. 1858. On the tendency of species to form varieties; and on the perpetuation of varieties and species by natural means of selection. [Read 1 July] Journal of the Proceedings of the Linnean Society of London. Zoology 3 (20 Aug.): 45-62. Introduction 

Darwin, C. R. 1860. Natural selection. Gardeners' Chronicle and Agricultural Gazette no. 16 (21 April): 362-363. London : published for the proprietors,

Darwin, Erasmus. 1794. Zoonomia; or, The laws of organic life. Vol.1, pgs. 500-510. London: J. Johnson

Freke, Henry. 1861. The Origin of Species by means of Organic Affinity. London: Longman and co.

Fries, Elias Magnus. 1825. Systema orbis vegetabilis. Lundas. Necker, Albertine Adrienne. 1839

Fries, Elias Magnus. 1848. Symbolae ad Historiam Hieraciorum. Upsaliae: Leffler et Sebell.

Dr. Freke, 1851, ('Dublin Medical Press,' p. 322).
Not available online, although there is this interesting letter:
Freke, J. 1753. A Letter from Mr. John Freke F. R. S. Surgeon to St. Bartholomew's Hospital, to the President of the Royal Society, Inclosing a Paper of the Late Rev. Mr. Creed, concerning a Machine to Write Down Extempore Voluntaries, or Other Pieces of Music (January 1, 1753). Proceedings of the Royal Society of London; Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society. London: Royal Society of London

Geoffroy Saint Hilaire, Isidore.1841. Essais de zoologie générale.
From the library of Charles Darwin

“Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire 1851, published in the Revue et Magasin de Zoologie Pure et Appliqu´ee. The article contains a section entitled `R´esum´e des lecons sur la question de l’esp`ece’, in which Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire stated his belief that species are subject to limited variability (I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire 1851, pp. 15–20). There is a lightly annotated copy of the work in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL. CD cited the article in the `historical preface’ added to the revised American edition of Origin (see Appendix IV), to the German translation (Bronn trans. 1860), and to the third English edition (1861).”

Geoffroy Saint Hilaire, Isidore.1859. Histoire naturelle générale des règnes organiques, principalement étudiée chez l'homme et les animaux. Paris: Libraie de Victor Masson.
This copy is from the Library of Charles Darwin.

Godron, Dominique Alexandre. 1859. De l'espèce et des races dans les êtres organisés et spécialement de l'unité de l'espèce humaine. Paris J.B. Baillière et Fils.
Darwin’s annotated copy from Darwin’s Library
Grant, Robert Edmund. 1826. Art. VIII: On the Structure and Nature of the Spongilla friabilis. The Edinburgh Philosophical Journal, Volume XIV., p.283. Printed for Archibald Constable, 1826.

Grant, Robert Edmund. 1834. Lectures on Comparative Anatomy. London: The Lancet. Lecture LV “On the Generative System in the Radiated or Cylo-neurose Classes,” pgs. 1001- 1006.


Haldeman, S. S. 1843-44. “Enumeration of the Recent Freshwater Mollusca which are common to North America and Europe; with observations on species and their distribution. Boston Society of Natural History, Vol. IV., pgs. 468-484.

Hooker, Joseph Dalton. 1859. On the Flora of Australia. London: Lovell Reeve. Digitized from the copy in the personal library of Charles Darwin
http://archive.org/stream/Hooker1859hb66a_MS#page/n0/mode/2up http://archive.org/details/Hooker1859hb66a_MS


Huxley, Thomas. 1859. On the Persistent Types of Animal Life. Proceedings of the Royal Institution. London

de Keyserling, Hermann, Graf von. 1853. “Note sur la Succession des etres organises.”
Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France [2ème série, tome 10]
Paris: Société géologique de France


http://archive.org/stream/histoirenaturell01lama (1837 edition)

Matthew, P. 1831. On naval timber and arboriculture; with critical notes on authors who have recently treated the subject of planting. London: Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, and Green; and Edinburgh: Adam Black.

Matthew, P. 1860. Nature's law of selection. Gardeners' Chronicle and Agricultural Gazette (7 April): 312-13. London: published for the proprietors,

Gardeners' Chronicle and Agricultural Gazette, 13 April. London: published for the proprietors,

Letter, Gardeners' Chronicle and Agricultural Gazette, 12 May. London: published for the proprietors,

Naudin, C. V. 1852. "Considérations philosophiques sur l'espèce et la variété", Rev. Hortic. 4th ser. 1 (1852): 102–9.

Oken, Lorenz. 1809. Lehrbuch der naturphilosophie. Jena: F. Frommann.

d'Omalius d'Halloy, J. -J. 1846. “Note sur la succession des etres vivants.” Académie Royale des Sciences des Lettres et des Beaux-Arts de Belgique, Vol. 13 (Part 1), Bruxelles. pg., 581-591.

This copy is from the Library of Charles Darwin.

Owen, Richard. 1858. Address to the British Association, Leeds.
Owen, Richard. 1859. Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science. London: John Murray.

Pander, von Dr. Chr. und Dr. E. D'Alton. 1821. Das Riesen-Faulthier, Bradypus giganteiis, abgebildet, beschrieben, und mit verwandten Geschlechtem verglichen. Bonn.
X 8vo, torn. viii. 1836, pp. 331-370.
Unable to locate complete digital text.


Powell, Baden. 1855. Essays on the spirit of the inductive philosophy, the unity of worlds and the philosophy of creation. London: Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans


von Schaaffhausen. H. 1853. Decheniana Naturhistorischer Verein der preussischen Rheinlande und Westfalens, vol. 10. Verhandlungen. Bonn, Naturhistorischen Vereins der Rheinlande und Westfalens. “Ueber Bestandigkeit und Umwandrung der Arten.” pgs. 420-452.

Spencer, Herbert. 1855. The Principles of Psychology. London: Longman, Brown, Green and Longmans.

Spencer, Herbert. 1858.  Essays : scientific, political and speculativeLondon : Williams and Norgate [1891 ed.]
Volume I: https://archive.org/details/spenceressayssci01spen

Essays : scientific, political and speculative
London : Williams and Norgate.
Volume II:  https://archive.org/details/hspenceressayssc02spen

Essays : scientific, political and speculative
London : Williams and Norgate.
Volume III: https://archive.org/details/spenceressayssci03spen

See also the selections in Essays : Moral, Political and Aesthetic: A selection from the essays in the first and second series of "Essays: scientific, political and speculative". London, 1858-63